Idukki is one among the 14 districts of Kerala state, India. The district headquarters is located at Painavu. Idukki has derived its name from the Malayalam word - 'Idukki' meaning a narrow gorge. Its main attraction includes Mountains, Valleys, dams, wildlife sanctuaries, Hill Stations, Elephant rides, spice plantations and beautiful lakes. The population of this district consists of tribal people. Munnar hill station is one of the best attracted place in Idduki. It is situated at the confluence of three mountain streams Mudrapuzha, Nallathanni and Kundala. There are nearly 14 peaks and Anamudi peakwhich towers over 2695 metres is the highest. Among the exotic flora found in the forests and grasslands in this region is the Neelakurinji. This flower which bathes the hills in blue every twelve years, will bloom next in 2006 AD. Thekkady in Idukki, is one of the finest wildlife reserves in India. This district is often considered as a "Paradise" with all its natural Splendor. Idukki also has the largest arch dam in India, the Idukki Dam, constructed for the Idukki Hydro Electric Power Project in 1969 with the cooperation of the Canadian Government. This single project powers the entire state and some parts of neighbouring states.
¤¤ Facts and Figures
Area : 5019sq. km
Altitude : 2200 m above sea level.
Population : 1,079,369
Devikulam, Udumban Chola, Peerumedu, Thodupuzha, Kothamangalam
¤¤ Tourist Season
August to March
¤¤ Tourist Attractions
Idukki Arch Dam is the world's second and Asia's first arch dam, constructed across the Kuravan and Kurathi hills. 550 ft high and 650 ft. wide, the dam lies close to the Cheruthoni barrage. To its west is the Kulamavu Dam. The Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary is located close by.
Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary extends over the Thodupuzha and Udumpanchola taluka of Idukki district, spreading over 77 sq km and is about 450-748 m above sea level. The Idukki Reservoir formed by three dams - Cheruthoni, Idukki and Kulamavu - extends to 33 sq km. Fauna: Elephant, bison, sambar deer, wild dog, jungle cat, tiger, wild boar, cobra, viper, krait... Birds: jungle fowl, myna, laughing thrush, black bulbul, peafowl, woodpecker, kingfisher.
Thekkady lies at an altitude of 900-1800 m above sea level. Rainfall: 2500 mm. The very sound of the word Thekkady conjures up images of elephants, unending chains of hills and spice scented plantations. In the Periyar forest of Thekkady is one of the finest wildlife reserves in India, and spread across the entire district are picturesque plantations and hill towns that hold great opportunities for treks and mountain walks.
¤¤ How to Reach
Air : Nearest Airport: Madurai (Tamil Nadu): 140km, Kochi: 190km, Thiruvananthapuram: 265 km, Kozhikode: 315km, Chennai( Tamil Nadu): 570km.
Rail : Kottayam: 114 km (4 hrs), Madurai: 136km, Changanacherry: 93 km, Theni 60 km.
Road : Kottayam- Kumily 110 km, Munnar- Kumily 110 km, Madurai- Kumily 136km, Thiruvananthapuram- Kumily 265km, Thekkady- Kumily 4km, Kodaikanal- Kumily 149 km, Idukki- Kumily 65 km.